The Seven Types of Intelligence
Psychologist Howard Gardner has identified the following distinct types of intelligence in his Multiple Intelligences Theory ("MI Theory") in the book "Frames of Mind." They are listed here with respect to gifted / talented children.
- 1. Linguistic
- Children with this kind of intelligence enjoy writing, reading, telling stories or doing crossword puzzles.
- 2. Logical-Mathematical
- Children with lots of logical intelligence are interested in patterns, categories and relationships. They are drawn to arithmetic problems, strategy games and experiments.
- 3. Bodily-Kinesthetic
- These kids process knowledge through bodily sensations. They are often athletic, dancers or good at crafts such as sewing or woodworking.
- 4. Spatial
- These children think in images and pictures. They may be fascinated with mazes or jigsaw puzzles, or spend free time drawing, building with Leggos or daydreaming.
- 5. Musical
- Musical children are always singing or drumming to themselves. They are usually quite aware of sounds others may miss. These kids are often discriminating listeners.
- 6. Interpersonal
- Children who are leaders among their peers, who are good at communicating and who seem to understand others' feelings and motives possess interpersonal intelligence.
- 7. Intrapersonal
- These children may be shy. They are very aware of their own feelings and are self-motivated.
When asked for advice on how parents could rear successful children, Gardner replied that we should not try to make our children good at what we ourselves were good at, or what we ourselves were not good at. Gardner says that our job is to help our children become who they are supposed to be, not what we think they should be. Some parents find it difficult to follow this course.
Since publishing his original list of seven intelligences, Gardner has added Naturalist and Existential to bring the total number to nine Intelligences.